CARA Religious Life Research

CARA conducts a variety of studies for religious institutes (congregations, provinces, and monasteries). Membership surveys and focus groups are designed to assess attitudes, priorities, and needs in areas such as mission, ministry, charism, prayer, spirituality, community life, vocation promotion, initial formation, ongoing formation, and retirement. CARA also conducts studies on sponsorship and mission integration as well as on collaboration with associates and colleagues in sponsored institutions and works. Studies for religious communities typically consist of some combination of member surveys, focus groups, membership projections, and ministry site studies. These studies are often used in strategic or pastoral planning processes. For further information about Religious Life Research, contact Mary Gautier by email or by calling (202) 687-8086. The numbers of religious priests, brothers, and sisters in the United States since 1965 are provided below from CARA’s Frequently Requested Church Statistics:

1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2017
Religious priests
22,707
21,920
22,904
22,771
22,265
18,010
16,705
15,092
13,305
12,811
11,710
11,424
Religious brothers
12,271
11,623
8,625
7,941
7,544
6,721
6,535
5,662
5,451
4,690
4,200
4,007
Religious sisters
179,954
160,931
135,225
126,517
115,386
102,504
90,809
79,814
68,634
57,544
48,546
45,605

Recent CARA reports on vocations and religious life that are publicly available are listed below:

This report represents findings from a national survey of women and men religious who professed perpetual vows in 2013 in a religious congregation, province, or monastery based in the United States.*

*This survey is conducted annually. Links for previous years can be found below:

2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011

This report represents findings from a national survey of ordinands to the priesthood.*

*This survey is conducted annually. Links for years can be found below:
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011

The Class of 2017: Survey of Entrants To Religious Life | January 2018

In 2014, the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation commissioned the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) at Georgetown University to conduct an annual survey of women and men who enter religious life each year in a religious congregation, province, or monastery based in the United States. For this project, CARA was asked to gather information about the characteristics and experiences of these women and men in a fashion similar to the survey of perpetually professed that CARA conducts each year for the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops Secretariat of Clergy, Consecrated Life and Vocations, which is released each year for the World Day of Consecrated Life in February. CARA designed a questionnaire based on previous CARA research on religious life and reviewed it with a representative from the Hilton Foundation. The reports linked below present results of these annual surveys.

2017
2016
2015

The National Religious Vocation Conference (NRVC) has compiled several CARA research studies in an easy-to-use fact sheet on vocations to religious life. Included on this sheet are statistics on the average age of entrance to religious life, numbers of men and women currently in formation for religious life, and challenges to pursuing religious life, including educational debt, encouragement and discouragement of vocation, and changing Catholic demographics in the United States.

  • What is the future of consecrated life in the United States?
  • What will religious institutes and societies of apostolic life look like?
  • What new lay movements and associations of the faithful are emerging?

The directory explores characteristics of 159 existing communities that have been established in the United States since 1965 and provides information about their mission, spiritual traditions and spiritual practices. It looks at trends in the communities that have survived.

Price: $35 per book, plus $4.95 for shipping and handling.

ERC III Order Information

This report presents a longitudinal study of women religious in the United States drawing on data reported by the religious institutes of women listed in the Official Catholic Directory (OCD). The contributions of women religious in the United States continue to be evident today in Catholic institutions of education and healthcare across the country, but there are, and have been, countless other contributions as well. Over the years, these valiant women have adapted to changing circumstances and forged ahead despite challenges to their way of life and ministry. The U.S. Catholic Church is indebted to the ministerial efforts and sacrifices made by women religious in the past and present. This CARA Special Report is an effort to disentangle the story of women religious in the United States that is hidden in the numbers.

This summary report from Boston College examines the variables that promote vocations to the Catholic priesthood and calls for a more interconnected approach from dioceses, parishes, and colleges to foster them. The report, College Experience and Priesthood, encompasses a CARA study of more than 1,500 men in the seminary or recently ordained, and the analysis of that study conducted at a national summit of bishops, college presidents, campus ministers, vocation directors and other spiritual directors.

International priests bring their unique enthusiasm, talents, and pastoral care to parishioners all over the United States. Essential to the pastoral ministry of the Church, they find great joy in their work. But these joys come with challenges, ranging from language barriers to homesickness to cultural misunderstandings and more

The research on volunteer alumni suggests that volunteering for a year of service in a faith-based volunteer service organization may be an important step in a young adult’s discernment process. This is evidenced by the majority of the men volunteer alumni and one-third of the women volunteer alumni who have considered a religious vocation. Current and former volunteers may well be the most likely and identifiable group of potential vocations to priesthood and religious life.

This book offers a comprehensive examination of contemporary religious life among women who have entered religious institutes in the United States since the end of the Second Vatican Council drawn from survey data and archival material.

This report represents findings from a national poll of never-married Catholics regarding their consideration of a vocation.

This book shares covers topics such as the challenges of ministry with fewer ordinations and larger parishes, ministering to an increasingly multicultural laity, collaboration with lay leaders, personal reflections on the sexual abuse issue, and the many satisfactions of being a priest using findings from five surveys.

This report presents findings from a study of the impact of educational debt on vocations to religious life in the United States that was conducted by the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) for the National Religious Vocation Conference (NRVC).

This report represents findings from a study of recent vocations to religious life in the United States that was conducted for the National Religious Vocation Conference (NRVC). Findings were used to identify and understand the characteristics, attitudes, and experiences of men and women who are coming to religious life today as well as the characteristics and practices of the religious institutes that are successfully attracting new candidates and retaining new members.